Election observation is a process “of information gathering or fact-finding aimed at reaching an informed judgement about the credibility, legitimacy and acceptability of the electoral process and its outcome.”The Principles for Election Management, Monitoring and Observation in the SADC Region (“Pemmo”)(2003:30).
Appointment Each candidate may appoint a person to be his or her chief election agent. This appointment must be made before, on or after nomination day but not later than 7 days before polling day or the first polling day. The candidate must notify the constituency elections officer of the full names and address of his or her chief elections officer and the constituency elections officer must then give public notice giving details of the chief elections officer so appointed.
Purpose of Code 1. The purpose of this Code is to promote conditions that are conducive to free and fair elections and a climate of tolerance in which electioneering activity may take place without fear or coercion, intimidation or reprisals.
Section 67 of the Zimbabwe Constitution sets out the political rights of Zimbabwean citizens. Subject to the Constitution, they have the right to free, fair and regular elections and referendums and, adults have the right to vote in elections and referendums. They may also stand for public office and, if elected, to hold public office. In terms of Section 67(2)(a) of the Constitution, Zimbabweans have the right to form political parties or to belong to political parties of their choice. Political parties and candidates for election have the right to campaign peacefully and to have access to the media to disseminate information to the electorate about their policies.
IT is hereby notifi ed that the Zimbabwe Electoral Commission, in terms of section 192 of the Electoral Act [Chapter 2:13], has, with the approval of the Minister, made the following regulations:— ..
Principles for Election Management, Monitoring and Observation in the SADC region is the product of an initiative that originated at a Southern African Electoral Forum Conference held from 11-14 June 2000 in Windhoek, Namibia. The Forum drew together more than 100 participants from governments, electoral commissions, political parties, civil society and research institutions and electoral and political experts from the SADC region. These stakeholders exchanged views about the determinants of best electoral practice, especially those issues related to improving election management, monitoring and observation, and enhancing the transparency of the electoral process. The aim of the conference, whose theme was In Pursuit of Electoral Norms and Standards, was to define a set of criteria to guide electoral practice and to foster a sound enabling environment in which elections can take place. The Forum underlined the need for the development of what was then referred to as regional norms and standards, to provide benchmarks for national discussions and to offer a guide to ‘best electoral management practice’.